Rousseau, Henri


Rousseau, Henri
(1844-1910)
   painter
   Known as "Le Douanier," (customs agent) Henri Rousseau, who was born in Laval, is recognized especially for his bold colors, flat designs, and imaginative subject matter, all much praised and imitated by modern artists. After serving in the army in Mexico, in 1868 he obtained a position at the Paris tax office (not the customs office, contrary to his sobriquet). Totally self-taught, Rousseau, when he retired in 1884, began painting and copying at the louvre, and soon demonstrated his talent. He also became friendly with artists associated with the salon des indépendents, where he began to show regularly after 1886. There he won the admiration of such contemporaries as paul gauguin, georges seurat, and Pablo Picasso. After painting mainly portraits (Pierre Loti; Moi-même), Parisian scenes (Scieries aux environs de Paris; L'Octroi, ca. 1890), he turned during the 1890s to highly original depictions of fantasy, typically showing tropical scenes with human figures resting or playing with animals, often mysteriously charmed to an alert stillness (Forêt vierge au soleil couchant; Joyeux farceurs, 1906; La Charmeuse de serpents; Les Flamants, 1907). Rousseau also painted flowers and still lifes and what he called "creations," taken from romantic themes (Rendez-vous dans la forêt, ca. 1890), patriotic, or "modern," works (Centenaire de l'Indépen-dence, 1892; Les Joueurs de football, 1908), and those with exotic themes (La Bohémienne endormie, 1897).

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rousseau, Henri — known as Le Douanier Rousseau born May 21, 1844, Laval, Fr. died Sept. 2, 1910, Paris French painter. After service in the army, he began working as a toll collector (not as a douanier, or customs officer, the epithet his friends later used) but… …   Universalium

  • Rousseau, Henri — ► (1844 1910) Pintor francés, llamado el Aduanero. Su obra aparece desde un principio coherente, sin apenas evolucionar. Una característica que afecta a su producción es su propio carácter de aficionado intuitivo, de aquí que se califique de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Rousseau,Henri — Rous·seau (ro͞o sōʹ), Henri. Known as “Le Douanier.” 1844 1910. French primitive painter of portraits, still lifes, city scenes, and metaphorical works, such as The Snake Charmer (1907). * * * …   Universalium

  • Rousseau, Henri —  (1844–1910) French painter. Nicknamed Douanier, French for customs clerk …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Rousseau, Henri — detto Doganiere …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Rousseau (homonymie) — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Rousseau est un nom de famille et un nom de lieu. Sommaire 1 Patronyme 2 Personnage de fiction …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rousseau (desambiguación) — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Rousseau es una apellido muy frecuente de origen francés, su pronunciación aproximada es [rusó]. Se suele asociar al filósofo de La Ilustración Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712 1778, escritor y filósofo suizo francés),… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Rousseau — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Bobby Rousseau (* 1940), kanadischer Eishockeyspieler Craig Rousseau (* ?), US amerikanischer Comiczeichner Florian Rousseau (* 1974), französischer Radrennfahrer Frederick Rousseau (* 1958), französischer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rousseau — Rousseau, Henri Rousseau, Jean Jacques Rousseau, Théodore * * * (as used in expressions) Rousseau, (Pierre Étienne) Théodore Rousseau, Henri Le Douanier Rousseau Rousseau, Jean Jacques Waldeck Rousseau, (Pierre Marie) René …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • rousseau — [ ruso ] n. m. • XIXe; « rouquin » 1190; de roux ♦ Dorade rose. ● rousseau nom masculin (de roux) Poisson sparidé, vivant en petits bancs sur les côtes atlantiques, largement consommé. (Autre nom dorade rose.) Rousseau (Henri, dit …   Encyclopédie Universelle


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